Nellie Kershaw was a British national who, in 1917, worked at the Turner Brothers Asbestos Company, a factory in Manchester, England, where she spun raw asbestos fiber into yarn. In 1924, just seven years after being regularly exposed to the mineral asbestos, she died . . . with fibrosis of the lungs as the identified cause of death.
Asbestosis is one of the known causes of fibrosis of the lungs (also called pulmonary fibrosis), a condition wherein the lungs get scarred, causing these to thicken and lose the ability to transmit oxygen into the bloodstream. Fibrosis of the lungs is an irreversible lung injury that makes breathing harder as the lungs continue to deteriorate and weaken overtime.
A formal inquest revealed that Nellie Kershaw’s lungs were extensively scarred by particles of various shapes, most of which had sharp angles – particles that were identified as asbestos fibers. Though Nellie was the first to be formally diagnosed as having suffered from asbestosis, a chronic lung disease caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibers, there were many others who died before her due to exposure to the same mineral; many of these people were asbestos miners.
Asbestosis is just one of the fatal effects of the mineral asbestos. Two other known serious effects of asbestos are lung cancer and mesothelioma, a rare, but deadly type of cancer that affects the cells surrounding the lungs and other organs.
About 2,000 – 3,000 new cases of mesothelioma are diagnosed in the US every year and it is seen in people who got exposed to asbestos regularly. Widespread exposure to asbestos happened from the 1940s to the late 19th century, with millions of workers having gotten exposed to thousands of tons of asbestos during the time of the Second World War alone. These were shipyard workers and US Navy personnel, whose work involved the building of US battleships, steam engines, boilers, steam turbines, and other ship equipment and facilities.
Due to the very long dormancy period of mesothelioma, which is about 20 to 40 years after first exposure to asbestos, majority of those diagnosed with this illness are already in their senior years. Majority, if not all, of mesothelioma victims are already retired; many companies, which exposed their workers to asbestos, also no longer exist today – some have already been bought by larger firms, while others have ceased operations after declaring bankruptcy – a result of the hundreds of claims lawsuits filed against them by the victims or the victims’ families.
Mesothelioma is a deadly cancer and companies which exposed their workers to asbestos should be made morally and legally responsible for the injury and suffering they caused in their workers. Certain websites like that of Williams Kherkher, offer detailed explanations about asbestos, mesothelioma, the different types of mesothelioma, who may actually be at risk of this deadly cancer, what its symptoms are, how to deal with it, and the legal rights and options of those diagnosed with it.
If you or a family member had been exposed to asbestos in the past, it will be wise for you and your family to undergo medical examination just to see if asbestos has affected you in any way. It is quite necessary that the other members of your family also get checked medically since your exposure to asbestos would have exposed them to the mineral as well (through your hair, skin and the clothes you wore at work).Read More
Risperdal (risperidone) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the management of schizophrenia in 1994. As far back as 1997, there were indications that there was link between sort-term Risperdal use and a condition called Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome or NMS. This indicates considerable forewarning that would be of significance to Risperdal side effects lawyers.
NMS is an idiosyncratic (unpredictable) reaction to neuroleptic drugs, often manifesting within a short period of initial medication or increase in dosage, NMS symptoms may include high body temperature (more than 38 degrees Celsius), lead-pipe type muscle rigidity, tachycardia (abnormally rapid heartbeat), respiratory distress, incontinence, unresponsiveness, and changes in mental status. NMS is relatively rare, but it is has serious health consequences.
In a case presented in a 1997 report involved an 75-year-old patient with senile dementia brought in for treatment. He was put on a medication program that included a low oral dose of risperidone (.5 mg twice daily) and shortly presented with symptoms of NMS. The risperidone was discontinued and the patient reverted to baseline within three days.
While one case is not conclusive, there were early indications that Risperdal could cause NMS. According to this study, it is uncommon in atypical antipsychotics. It described the dramatic reaction of a 34-year-old male with mild mental retardation to Risperdal, which prompted the discussion on the possible involvement of the drug in causing NMS and recommendation for further study. NMS has a mortality rate of more than 11%, depending on how long the condition is permitted to continue.
Because NMS presents rapidly (within two weeks) after initial medication, doctors should be made aware of the possible risk when they prescribe Risperdal to patients. This can significantly reduce the time in making a diagnosis and providing treatment, which initially means the discontinuation of Risperdal and subsequent supportive care. In many cases, properly treated NMS resolves in three to 7 working days.
Drug makers have a duty of care towards their clients. This includes conducting extensive clinical tests to have thorough knowledge about what the risks are with taking medical products. They know or should have known about these risks. If you or an immediate family member unexpectedly developed NMS upon taking Risperdal, you may not have been adequately warned. Consult with Risperdal side effects lawyers in your area to assess your case.Read More
Fires are among the most devastating causes of property damage, since they not only destroy everything, they can also cause injuries to the people inside or outside of the property. Because of their uncontrollable nature, fires can even damage more properties around the area. When a fire breaks and properties are damaged or a person becomes injured, it is the homeowner’s responsibility to cover for any damages caused by the fire. According to the website of Ritter & Associates, there should be evidence of negligence or carelessness of the property owners in order to have legal liability.
Negligence, in legal definition, is a person’s failure to use reasonable care, failing to act within reason and prudence that eventually lead to harm of another person. The fundamental purpose of having the negligence law is in order to have reasonable standards of conduct that would help prevent reasonably predictable risks. What accounts as reasonable in a certain situation, however, can still vary depending on each person’s point of view, which is why evidence should be presented in order to clear the debate.
For property owners, when a fire broke in their property, any (if not all) injuries to people who are considered visitors in the property will be under the liability of the property owner. This is why it is important for property owners to have homeowner’s insurance that would cover for any damage of injury that may occur inside the property. Each State in the US may have their own rules regarding the limits and basic policies that these property owners can have, so consulting with a lawyer would be the first thing to help understand how the policy will work for your protection. Because of this, property owners should make sure that their property is safe and will not cause any damage to anyone who is invited into the property. Aside from inspecting the property for fire safety risks, they should provide proper signs and protection within the area in care a fire occurs and immediate action is necessary.Read More
Although experts in dental health, your dentist can see more than just the condition of your teeth and gums. Dental health affects your overall health, and certain types of conditions can manifest itself in your mouth that could help your dentist alert you of possible health issues. Here are some health-threatening conditions that your dentist can detect through your regular check-ups:
Maintaining a proper dental hygiene in order to ensure oral health is more than just keeping healthy teeth and gums. Neglecting your dental health will not only lead to dental problems, but health complications in the long run. Since the mouth is regarded as the center of vital tissues and functions critical to overall health, we have to make sure that it is properly taken care of and maintained.Read More
Marijuana (cannabis) is generally considered to be a relatively harmless illicit vice when taken occasionally, mainly because it is nearly impossible to overdose on the stuff. It is a hallucinogen in high concentrations, but the odd puff or two will put most people in a good, relaxed mood (unless they have a “bad” trip, that is). It is usually smoked but it can also be mixed with food such as the so-called happy brownie.
There has been quite a hot debate about how marijuana has beneficial medicinal effects and when used moderately is hardly as lethal as tobacco or alcohol. Critics point out that marijuana leads to general impairment and loss of coordination in the short-term and memory impairment, mental disorders, and infertility over time. In some states, marijuana advocates have prevailed in a limited fashion in that it is legal for medical purposes, and the writing seems to be on the wall that more states will follow suit.
In Texas, however, that day has not yet arrived so marijuana is still an illegal substance, possession of even a small amount can have serious consequences. An Austin criminal defense lawyer will explain to a client charged with possession of marijuana that at the very least it is Class B misdemeanor which means some jail time (not more than 180 days) and a fine for having less than 2 oz but the charges escalate with volume of possession. With 4 oz, the possessor can rightly be called a felon if convicted. Possession (or cultivation) of marijuana in large quantities can escalate up to a first degree felony, which carries a minimum of 5 years in prison.
Being arrested for smoking pot in Texas is embarrassing but more seriously it can significantly affect other aspects of a person’s life. And since many pot smokers are young people, a conviction can mean being barred from a lot of life opportunities.
If you have been charged with possession of marijuana, you need to make every effort to get your case dismissed. The times are changing rapidly, and it would be ironic if are one of the last to be convicted for it. Engage the services of an experienced marijuana possession defense lawyer immediately.Read More
Do you need to work with a lawyer? There are a lot of different reasons you may need the help of a legal professional. No matter what your reason is, it is important that your lawyer does good work for you and makes the most of your time together. Keep reading to learn some tips you can use when you need someone in your corner.
Do not hire a lawyer without doing some background research. Look their name up online and talk to friends or relatives who might know the lawyer you are interested in. It is always in your best interest to choose a lawyer with an excellent reputation and good ethics.
When choosing a lawyer, word of mouth is one of the best ways to find one. Ask friends or relatives for recommendations. They can give you honest feedback on their experience. They can tell you how well or poorly they did in their situation. This feedback can help you choose wisely.
Decide what specific legal services you need ahead of time. The first thing to ask is whether you even need a lawyer. There are many reasons why you might need one, as shown on the website of the Abel Law Firm. Even if you are not involved in one of these areas, you may need a lawyers expert opinion on a business or financial matter.
Do not pick a lawyer because you saw their ad on television or on a billboard. Many big firms that can afford this type of advertising use lawyers that are fresh out of school for most of their cases, but charge you for the experience held by its highest lawyers.
Dealing with a lawyer can be stressful or it can be productive. Make your time with a lawyer time well spent. Use what you learned here and you will be on the right path when it comes to dealing with lawyers. A good lawyer is invaluable and that is what you need.Read More
Many people have the impression that personal injury cases are dramatic exchanges in a courtroom between lawyers that will sway the jury and resolve into a spectacular ending. As in most things shaped by television, the reality of personal injury cases is very different.
For one thing, most personal injury cases are fought on paper rather than in court. More than 90% of all personal injury lawsuits never make it to trial because during the pretrial, these are settled between the lawyers with the concurrence of their clients. Civil lawsuits are in general a lot like criminal cases to prepare for in that it takes time to investigate and get together the facts, which are then shared to the other side in what is called discovery.
On the basis of what may be revealed during discovery, the lawyers then begin to devise a plan of attack as well as grounds for negotiations. Instead of bursts of elocution, the pretrial negotiations are often a pedantic exchange of painstakingly prepared documents over an extended period as depositions and facts are presented. As the defense considers the strength of the plaintiff’s case, the plaintiff could be getting impatient or desperate, and may push for a settlement, or the defense, seeing a strong case, may alternatively do the same.
In either case, the terms of the final settlement, if any, will be a balance between what the plaintiff would have been reasonably awarded if the case is won in court and the costs of waiting for the case to come to court. In more than 90% of the cases, the parties come to an agreement, the plaintiff accepts a settlement, and the trial never happens.
It is a reality that personal injury cases, even those that are settled as early as feasible, take at least 6 months from the time of filing to prepare, and most claimants are often struggling financially with hospital and medical bills, lost income, and other adverse consequences of the triggering incident. It is the conscientious and experienced personal injury lawyer who will ensure that despite the pressure to settle as quickly as possible the rights of the claimant are protected, and that just compensation will still be forthcoming even without a trial.Read More
If you have been charged with a crime which proceeds to trial, you may be wondering what is in store for you. Like anything else legal in the US, each state has a different set of rules for court procedures, and federal court procedure is conducted differently from that in the state level. But in general, there are four stages in criminal court proceedings: arraignment, trial, verdict, and sentencing.
Arraignment is when you are brought before the judge who will read the charges lodged against you for the court records, and you are asked to state whether you are guilty or not guilty. This is called entering a plea. At this point, a criminal defense lawyer is not necessary, although it would be advisable as the judge may clarify some points about the charges which may impact on the legality of the arrest. It is entirely possible that you may be released at this point if the judge does not believe there is sufficient evidence or probable cause to prosecute the case. It is also at this time that bail may be set.
The trial itself follows if no deal is struck with the prosecution or the case is not dismissed. Before the actual trial, members of the jury will be selected by the judge and the lawyers of both sides. Once that is done, the trial date may be fixed.
At the trial, the prosecutor will present the case against you, call witnesses and present evidence. The defense may question each witness and challenge the admissibility of evidence, and may object to the way the prosecution presents its case. The prosecution may do the same when the defense takes a turn at presenting the case. When both sides have rested their case, each will give a closing statement, typically a recap of what had been presented and their interpretations. The jury will then retire to a separate room to deliberate after receiving instructions from the judge.
The verdict is the result of jury deliberation, in which they may find for (not guilty) or against (guilty) you as the defendant. There may be more than one charge against you, in which case the jury will deliver a verdict for each of the charges. Once the verdict has been read out and you are found guilty, the judge will schedule a sentencing hearing, at which time the judge will decide on the appropriate punishment under the law.
There have been times when doctors, despite the technological advancements at their disposal, can only speculate a patient’s real condition, especially if the disease has been caused by a virus that has never been identified before. But to be able to subject a patient to a series of tests is only possible if the patient consents, which will require the patient’s complete trust on his/her doctor. The doctor, on the other hand, should be honest enough towards the patient, who deserves to know everything regarding his/her condition. Accurate information, anyway, is part of the quality care doctors and all other health care providers owe their patients.
According to the website of TN personal injury lawyer Pohl Berk, misdiagnosis or even the failure to simply determine what is really wrong with the patient can be traced from the way some medical experts handle and interact with patients. Based on a study, one of the most common causes of misdiagnosis is physician bias. This happens when a doctor starts to fix his or her attention on just one patient problem or issue. Many doctors who have come to realize this mistake blame it on the very limited 15-minute patient visit – a very short period of interaction between doctors and patients. Most often too, doctors who have been forced by economic circumstances to treat as many patients as they can within the day, unconsciously apply what is called the “18-second rule,” where they cut patients short while they describe the symptoms to their ailment.
Eventually, the doctor will have to make a correct a finding to be able to make an accurate diagnosis of the patient’s real condition. A misdiagnosis can result to unfavorable things that may even endanger the patient’s life. In the past, a misdiagnosis has resulted to surgeries which should not have been performed, subjecting the patient to wrong laboratory tests, prescribing the wrong medicine, recommending the wrong medical treatment, and so forth.
Injuries or further worsening of health condition suffered by patients is often due to the carelessness or negligence of another; and as such, it is considered a personal injury. This is because the injury could have been prevented if the other person had been less careless or negligent. Lawyers strongly emphasize the rights of personal injury victims, especially their legal right to be compensated by the liable person/party as the harm done will certainly necessitate medical treatment and may even cause the victim to miss work and, so, lose the ability to earn wages.
Understanding the complexities of the law, however, may serve as a burden to the victim, who is already weighed down by the injury he/she is suddenly made to suffer from. Thus, having professional legal assistance would really be a wise decision, for this can enable the victim to claim what the law allows him/her to have.Read More
Employees all across America, whether citizens or foreigners hired for permanent employment, are covered and protected by federal and state laws against any form of discrimination, most especially, on wages and overtime pay. And, based on the principle, “A laborer is worth his wage,” all employers are, therefore, morally and legally obliged to pay their employees for every minute spent on work.
The Fair Labor Standards Act (which was passed into law in 1938) and the Portal-to-Portal Act are two federal statutes that give directives, the first, on the national minimum wage, and the second, on overtime pay. FLSA, also known as the Wages and Hours Bill, covers all employees, whether full-time or part-time, and determines the minimum wage and rate of overtime pay.
An article on the website of Melton & Kumler, LLP, an employment law firm based in Austin, likewise explains the task of the FLSA, including implementing changes concerning employee wage, such as the gradual change that employers should make in the minimum pay, from $5.85/hour in July 2007 to $7.25/hour in July 2009.
Overtime pay, or payment for work rendered by employees in excess of their maximum daily or weekly work shift, is computed separately and given a higher value than regular time pay. Overtime pay is hard-earned money. Many American employees go through the sacrifice of giving up a part of their time for rest or family time to be able to take home a bit higher pay than the usual. For parents who need to send their kid/s to school or who need to pay child support, overtime pay is definitely very important as this can enable or help them accomplish a whole lot of other things for their kid/s.
To ensure that employees get the pay they deserve for every minute spent in relation to work, the Portal-to-Portal Act was made into law (in 1947). This law states that whatever work is performed for the benefit of the employer, regardless of place and time, should be considered as work that deserves compensation.
It is a fact that many employers still resort to tactics that can enable them to keep wages even below the minimum pay; some even deny employees the right to render overtime work, despite employees’ eligibility. Being discriminated against wage and overtime pay, but choosing to remain silent about it will only make the unjust practice continue and affect a lot more people. Thus, employees should know that protection against employer retaliation for reporting unjust employment practices is also provided by the law.
The law is an employee’s guarantee to a safe and just workplace. Any employee who opts to look the other way, despite knowledge of an unlawful employment practice, only makes such employee as guilty as the one committing the unjust act. If you believe you have been a victim of this, contact a retaliation lawyer today.Read More